The environmental organization made the Environmental Report of 2015.
Quercus has issued an annual report which lists the strengths and weaknesses in environmental in terms of Portugal. The list contained several points which highlight the negative discharges pollutants and barriers in the river Tagus. The recurrent episodes of pollution and threat to the river continuum, registered throughout the year in the flow of an international river of high environmental value, cultural and economic make it stand year after year progressively more degraded and threatened, taking the year 2014 was even detected barriers to migration of fish fauna along the river.
Recycling targets set by the Strategic Plan for Urban Waste (PERSU 2020) are absurd, according to this non gobernamental organization because obliges the hinterland to recycle 80% of waste in 2020, while the large cities of Lisbon and Porto to recycle only have between 42 and 35%. All this so that we continue to incinerate recyclable waste.
In the year 2015 proved to be the adverse impacts of the implementation of afforestation aproved from the regime of Decree No. 96/2013 of 19th of July. Increased new eucalyptus plantations at the expense mainly of conversion of wild-pine forests and other formations of our native forest, associated with improper deployment of soils and complaints from farmers due to lack of conditions in the vicinity of agricultural crops.
Previous government creates "Via Verde" to (go) Environmental liability
The entry into force at the beginning of the year, the Decree-Law No. 165/2014 has created an extraordinary system of regularization of properties and exploration activity without a license generally highly polluting companies or lax enforcement of environmental standards. An initiative, which only confirms the lack of political will to provide the country with a properly regulated and effective environmental liability regime.
Forest fires are still considered one of the greatest environmental problems of our country. According to the 9th interim report of forest fires in the Nature Conservation Institute and Forestry, from 1st of January to 15th of October the burned area was 62 401 hectares. The most affected by the fires districts were the Guard, Viana do Castelo and Braga COM11 889 hectares, 999 hectares e7 143 9 hectares, respectively, corresponding to these three districts 47% of the total burnt area in mainland Portugal.
The reorganization of agricultural activities and changes in natural ecosystems resulted in reduced abundance of natural prey of scavenger birds taking up these birds adapted and passed to regard domestic animals associated with agricultural activities as part of their diet. However, it was the restriction of health rules, which dictated the compulsory collection of carcasses of dead animals from the fields, which created and worsened in 2015, the food shortage problem for these protected wild birds.
Quercus suspended the rating of "Golden Quality", assigned to the Dona Ana beach, in Lagos, in the Algarve, on the grounds that the measures carried out in 2015 put into question the environmental and landscape balance which should guide the allocation of this reward.
The Wind Farm Moncorvo Tower, planned for the municipalities of Torre de Moncorvo and Carrazeda de Ansiães to be built, would affect the landscape in the Special Zone of Alto Douro Wine Region Protection, a World Heritage Site. The installation of 30 wind turbines com120 meters high is incompatible with the landscape classified the Alto Douro Wine Region, at the Quercus has already made a contribution to UNESCO to prevent this project forward.
In May 2015 it was found by the River Angueira, in Miranda do Douro, four-Black Vultures (Aegypius monachus) and a vulture of the Egypt (Neopron pernocopterus) of illegal poisoning victims. These birds are endangered and this case goes to show, once again, that human action can be decisive in its conservation in Portugal.
It is also worrying the risk of expansion of some exotic species such as the hyacinth-water already present in the Guadiana river, in Spain, to the central area of Albufeira Alqueva, taking into account the environmental costs but also economic that such a situation will entail. It is urgent to strengthen the measures that the authorities are already taking in order to monitor and control this problem.
On a positive note the focus is on legislation that discourages the consumption of disposable shopping bags in plastic, integrated into the package of "Green Taxes", turned out to be an extremely effective measure to minimize the production of waste and help greater sustainability environmental.
Currently, some populations were extinct in Portugal for several decades these spicies return to the country, such as the Black Vulture, an extinct species for almost 40 years and already has eleven breeding pairs this year. The imperial Iberian eagle also is been recovering, now being known more than a dozen breeding pairs and the Iberian lynx already has eleven animals in the country, due to the ongoing reintroduction program.
The rise in the area of Ribatejo, several informal movement of citizens, among which the movement "Let's Save the Rio Almonda", dedicated to the struggle for de-pollution of Rio Almonda, managed by its persistence draw the attention of national authorities in the field of water resources for the serious pollution problems caused by industrial effluents in this waterway, which led to the decision making for the implementation of measures on polluting industries, such as the suspension of some discharge permits.
Laws concerning the production of compost from waste, expected since 2006, is helping to regulate the sector, promote the recycling of biodegradable waste and the replacement of organic matter in the soil.
The cinotecnic teams poisons detection composed of binomials of GNR and dogs of this military institution are a key tool in the fight to eradicate the use of poisons in nature against fauna. Were created three teams to military the Nature Protection Service and Environment (SEPNA) and seven Belgian Mallinois sheepdogs that will work together and intervene in the Special Protection Areas (SPA) of the Natura 2000 Castro Verde Network, Guadiana Valley, Mourão / Moura / Barrancos and International Tagus, Erges and Pônsul.